Personality of the Revolution, the
Consulate and the Empire, Cambaceres seems character in the work of many
Honore of (Tours 1799 - Paris 1850)
French writer. Balzac starts in 1842 the Comedie humaine,
fresco of the French society of the Revolution at
the end of the Monarchy of July : more than 2.000
characters a society
haunted by the power of money and the press and
delivered to devouring passions: the 90 novels are classified in Etudes
de moeurs, Etudes philosophiques et Etudes analytiques.
Poet and critical of French art. At
the college, one of his professors encourages his
taste for poetry and the theatre: at twenty years, Bergerat makes
represent a piece of poetry (Une amie 1865) with the French
Comedy. During the war of 1870, he writes various poetries (Poemes de la guerre 1871)
which are a popular success. He becomes critical of art to Gaulois,
in Figaro then with the Journal officiel and sign of
many forewords of catalogues of paintings.
Chateaubriand François Rene
viscount of (Saint-Malo 1768 - Paris 1848)
French writer. Chateaubriant leaves for America at the
beginning the Revolution. On his return,
he engages in the army of the emigrants,
he is wounded and settles in England. After a few
years of misery, he returns to France and
publishes in 1801 Atala, precursor of the romantic movement
then in 1802 the Genie
du christianisme, which illustrates the return to the moral order.
After the assassination of the duke of Enghien, he
is detached from the regim and becomes royalist.
Chief of the party of the extremists to the Restoration,
he is appointed ambassador in London then Foreign Minister.
Legitimist, it becomes liberal after 1830 in opposition to
Louis-Philippe. He devotes the last years of his life to write the Memoires
Gobineau Joseph Arthur
count of (Ville d'Avray 1816 -
French writer and diplomat. Chief of the cabinet of the
Ministry for Foreign Office, Gobineau is
appointed in 1851 secretary of embassy in Bern.
Ambassador in Teheran in 1861, he is
appointed successively in Athens in 1864, Rio de
Janeiro in 1869, Stockolm in 1872 then allowed with the retirement in
Novelist (Les Pleiades 1874), short story writer (Nouvelles
asisatiques 1876), he makes known himself by
work of history, philosophy and epigraphy on the countries in which
he remained. Gobineau is also one of the
theorists of racism (Essai
sur l'inegalite des races humaines 1853-1855).
French writer. Wire of a general of Empire, Victor Hugo
is raised by his mother in the tradition monarchist. The publication of Orientales
and Hernani make of Victor Hugo the incarnation of the
Romanticism in poetry. Become liberal, Victor Hugo is elected appointed
in 1848, but emigrates in Jersey then Guernesey after the
putch of the December 2,1851. He publishes the Châtiments
: poems satyric directed against Napoleon III. Returned to France after
1870, it rests in the Pantheon.